A 52 card trickLogic
A famous magician takes a standard 52 card deck and gives it to the audience. The spectators choose any 5 cards (they may do it any way they like) and pass these cards to the magician's assistant. The assistant announces 4 of these cards out loud. The magician responds by naming the fifth card. Except for the suit and denomination of each card, the assistant passes no other information to the magician. How does the magician "know" the fifth card?